Communication is the activity of conveying information. Communication has been derived from the Latin word "communis", meaning to share. Communication requires a sender, a message, and an intended recipient, although the receiver need not be present or aware of the sender's intent to communicate at the time of communication; thus communication can occur across vast distances in time and space. Communication requires that the communicating parties share an area of communicative commonality. The communication process is complete once the receiver has understood the message of the sender. Feedback is critical to effective communication between parties.
Human spoken and pictoral languages can be described as a system of symbols (sometimes known as lexemes) and the grammars (rules) by which the symbols are manipulated. The word "language" also refers to common properties of languages. Language learning normally occurs most intensively during human childhood. Most of the thousands of human languages use patterns of sound or gesture for symbols which enable communication with others around them. Languages seem to share certain properties although many of these include exceptions. There is no defined line between a language and a dialect. Constructed languages such as Esperanto, programming languages, and various mathematical formalisms are not necessarily restricted to the properties shared by human languages.
A variety of verbal and non-verbal means of communicating exists such as body language, eye contact, sign language, paralanguage, haptic communication, chronemics, and media such as pictures, graphics, sound, and writing.
Manipulative Communications was studied and reported by Bryenton in 2011. These are intentional and unintentional ways of manipulating words, gestures, etc. to "get what we want", by demeaning, discounting, attacking or ignoring instead of respectful interaction. Sarcasm, criticism, rudeness and swearing are examples.
THE IMPORTANCE OF FAMILY COMMUNICATION
Many families are experiencing lack of communication, although they all live together but they don’t often talk to each other. How does this happen? Are they invisible to each other, or they just don’t know how to speak up and open a communication? For a kid having this family is not healthy for him. He become hesitant to talk about his problems for example in school; when he has a failing grade and his parents are needed to talk to the principal for their child’s performance. Teenagers however, may no longer ask for his parent’s attention and rather he’ll just seek it to his friends. He may be lucky enough to have good friends around him or badly as he could be involved with alcohol, tobacco and/or illegal drugs.
It is important to keep the lines of communication open in a family. Start a good communication on the dining table. Eating dinner together is the best time and place to communicate and reconnect to each other. You can talk about each others’ favorite part or biggest challenge of the day. Or maybe you can make it something playful like “If you would be any super hero, what would you be and why? “.. which could only work for kids below 12 ( imagine if you asked that to your teenage kid ). And when it comes to teenagers, it will be a little bit hard for you to talk to them especially on the boyfriend/girlfriend issue. But just let them know that you’re always there to listen and ready to help them on their problems.
Good communication skills in a family may build self-esteem, because a child learns of his capabilities from what his family tells him of himself. But not in a way that you’ll give comments like “you’re good”, “you’re wonderful”, “you’re perfect”.. and don’t say he’s perfect because he might just answer you back like “isn’t it, nobody’s perfect?” ( children are much intelligent these days ). Rather, be a nurturing parent, which build self confidence and point out his skills and strengths that will make him aware of his worth.
ROLES OF FAMILY COMMUNICATION
Communicating successfully involves more than sharing, imparting, or conveying of ideas and feelings. If what you say is not understood by the person receiving the communication, it is as if you are speaking to the air. It is necessary for the receiver to understand, accept and apply the information.
When communication between two people is effective, there will be improved relationships, increased respect, less friction and success. Master communication in the family and you are on the way to mastering public speaking.
There are several factors involved in good family communication. One of the essential skills is listening. Another factor in good communication is adjusting for situation, circumstance and age.
Consider a parent that says to a youngster to behave. What exactly does that mean to the child. Children under about the age of 10 typically do not understand abstract thought. Yet that is an abstraction of the parents mind.
Behave while in a formal setting, lets say, when your eating dinner out is different than behave when visiting with friends. Again it is different when playing outside in the back yard or when wrestling with their other childhood friends. One word, so many meanings.
Likewise talking to an elderly parent in such a way that leaves the parent feeling helpless or like they are being treated like a child will not necessarily result in the outcome you hoped for when communicating.
· Baluska, F.; Marcuso, Stefano; Volkmann, Dieter (2006). Communication in plants: neuronal aspects of plant life. Taylor & Francis US. p. 19. ISBN 3540284758. http://books.google.com/books?id=IH9N4SKWTokC&pg=PA19&dq=plant+communication+processes+are+neuronal-like#v=onepage&q=plant%20communication%20processes%20are%20neuron-like&f=false. "...the emergence of plant neurobiology as the most recent area of plant sciences."
· ^ Anand, Sandhya. Quorum Sensing- Communication Plan For Microbes. Article dated 2010-12-28, retrieved on 2012-04-03.
· ^ Shannon, C. E., & Weaver, W. (1949). The mathematical theory of communication. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press
· ^ Berlo, D. K. (1960). The process of communication. New York, New York: Holt, Rinehart, & Winston.
· ^ Schramm, W. (1954). How communication works. In W. Schramm (Ed.), The process and effects of communication (pp. 3-26). Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press.
· ^ Barnlund, D. C. (2008). A transactional model of communication. In. C. D. Mortensen (Eds.), Communication theory (2nd ed., pp47-57). New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction.