Wednesday 28 March 2012


Environmental disruption is the deterioration of the environment through depletion of resources such as air, water and soil; the destruction of ecosystems and the extinction of wildlife. It is defined as any change or disturbance to the environment perceived to be deleterious or undesirable.
Environmental disruption is of many types. When natural habitats are destroyed or natural resources are depleted, environment is degraded.
Considering land pollution as an environmental disruption, in description, Land pollution is another of the main types of pollution to the environment. Land pollution is mainly about the contamination and degradation of Earth’s land surfaces.
It occurs when waste from various sources domestic waste, industrial waste, etc. are not properly disposed of, causing harmful substances and chemicals to leach into the ground. Read about various type of pollution on land.
In the landfills, non-biodegradable materials like plastic bottles, Styrofoam and cans can remain buried and intact for thousands of years, leaching chemicals into the ground over the years. Electronic products that contain heavy metals like lead and mercury also leach poisonous toxins into the ground. These chemicals and heavy metals sometimes reach the underground water system and pollute our water bodies. Read about land pollution facts.
That is why it is important to recycle, rather than just sending all your unwanted items to the garbage bin.
Environmentally unfriendly mineral exploitation practices and the misuse of soil by harmful agricultural practices can also lead to land pollution. Read about how such practices are cause of land pollution. Also, read more about soil pollution and soil pollution facts.

Land pollution can affect wildlife, plants and humans in many ways. Land pollution can exterminate wildlife and disrupt the balance in nature. The chemicals found in polluted land (eg. landfills, land where chemical pesticides are heavily applied) could be absorbed by plants, and be transferred to animals and humans who eat the plants. In turn, the chemicals could cause various health problems like respiratory problems, birth defects, skin diseases and even cancer in the animals and humans. Read about the dangers of pesticides.
Land Pollution can be prevented by the proper disposing of the litter. What is even better at reducing land pollution, or the various types of pollution, is to reduce your trash. Reducing consumption, reusing old items for new purposes or recycling are some ways to reduce our waste.
Also, environmentally friendly agricultural practices such as the use of organic fertilizers and organic pesticides, instead of conventional chemical based ones, could also help to reduce the amount of toxic chemicals introduced into the land. Read more about how to stop land pollution.

Recycle Waste
An alternative to reusing is recycling. Recycling allows the reprocessing of waste products usually plastics, papers and metals-in order to produce a new material. This solution provides one of the most useful techniques to lessen the amount of waste that ends up in the environment. Once products go through the recycling process, they can then be resold and reused, not only preventing waste, but lessening the strain on product creation. As a result, problems such as deforestation are less severe.

Reduce Usage

Reducing the amount of resources that you are using will also help prevent land pollution. Simply conserve the resources you use. You can apply this philosophy to your life by reducing your energy usage and even eating out less, which produces fewer cartons, packages and wrappings in the trash. Taking a proactive role in reducing waste consumption can lead to significant results in helping the environment.

Respect the Environment
This might be the simplest of all solutions, but a little sense of respect to the environment and its natural resources is enough to provide help. Avoid littering wherever you are, pick up litter if you see it, and practice environmentally safe day to day habits.

Air quality is defined as a measure of the condition of air relative to the requirements of one or more biotic species or to any human need or purpose. Air quality indices (AQI) are numbers used by government agencies to characterize the quality of the air at a given location. As the AQI increases, an increasingly large percentage of the population is likely to experience increasingly severe adverse health effects. To compute the AQI requires an air pollutant concentration from a monitor or model.
The use of an air cleaner is a good first step to take in improving indoor air quality since the job of an air cleaner is to remove particles from the air. Also important are good cleaning practices such as dusting and vacuuming often.
Utilize either dilution ventilation or local exhaust ventilation in conjunction with isolation techniques to reduce contaminant levels. Dilution ventilation increases the amount of outside air passing through an area to dilute and flush out low levels of contaminants. If the building ventilation system will be in contact with the work area, consider installing additional filters to keep particulates out of the ductwork. Change all filters at the conclusion of the project. When strong odors and higher contaminant levels are expected, the area should be encapsulated and placed under negative pressure. This technique isolates the work area from the building ventilation system and uses exhaust fans to directly remove contaminants to the outside. Explosion proof fans must be used while there are flammable chemicals being used in the work area. Positively pressurizing non-work areas and running ventilation systems overnight will minimize contaminant migration into occupied spaces.
Good housekeeping practices will go a long way toward containing dusts and construction debris, and allowing building occupants to feel confident that the project is well managed. Consider using a HEPA filtered vacuum cleaner to minimize recirculation of contaminants. Suppress dust with wet methods. Quickly clean up spilled materials. Protect porous materials such as insulation from exposure to moisture and contaminants.

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